Veterinary immunology, defined as the study of the immune systems of domestic and wild animals of economic or sentimental significance to humans, provides both practical knowledge and novel insights into basic immunology. It is a subdiscipline of biomedical science that is linked to zoology and veterinary medicine. Animal immune system malfunctions and disorders, as well as their health, are of interest. It's intriguing about how the immune system works, how vaccinations prevent disease, and why certain vaccines don't function or cause side effects. Developing novel immunologically based diagnostic tools and immunotherapeutic techniques, such as vaccine approaches, are clearly essential applied goals. Domestic animal disease resistance could also be improved by genetic selection for immune features.
Veterinary microbiology is concerned with microbial (bacterial, fungal, and viral) diseases that affect animals that provide food, other useful products, or companionship. Antimicrobial resistance research is incorporated in a variety of animal microbiology studies. Wild animal microbial diseases are also researched in animal microbiology if the infections are of particular interest due to their interactions with humans (zoonosis) and domestic animals. Veterinary microbiologists are doctors who specialise in researching microbes that cause sickness in animals. Vaccines, medicines, and other animal health items are frequently developed at their laboratories. Veterinary microbiologists research a wide range of disease-causing microbes, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites.