Domestic animals play an important role in human well-being, and global demand for animal products is steadily expanding. Domesticated animals are those that have been selectively developed and genetically adapted to live alongside humans over generations. Their wild relatives or cousins are genetically separate from them. Domestication of animals can be divided into three categories: companion animals (dogs and cats), food animals (sheep, cows, pigs, turkeys, and so on), and working or draft animals (horses, donkeys, camels). Animals that are strong candidates for domestication usually have a few characteristics in common. Domestication refers to the mutual relationship that exists between animals and people who have control over their care and reproduction. Taming and domestication are not the same thing. Domestication is the permanent genetic change of a bred lineage that leads to an inherited propensity toward humans, whereas taming is the conditioned behavioural modification of a wild-born animal when its natural dislike of humans is diminished and it accepts the presence of humans. This definition takes into account both the biological and cultural aspects of domestication, as well as the consequences for humans and domesticated animals and plants.
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